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Blue Screen of Death Error (BSOD) – What it is and How to fix it

How can Troubleshoot the Blue Screen Error –

Blue Screen of Death (BSOD) error is officially known as a “stop error” and referred to as “bug check” in the Windows software development kit and driver development kit documentation.

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It is an error which displays on your computer screen when a fatal system error occurs, also known as a system crash. This generally happens when the operating system reaches a condition where it can no longer operate safely.

BSOD is a problem which you don’t want to see happen on your computer. This critical failure causes Windows to crash and stop working. Imagine how the much irritating it would be when you are in the middle of something very important work that you are doing for hours and have not yet saved it and suddenly you get this BSOD.

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After that the only option is left with you at that point is restart the PC (usually it automatically restart if not disabled manually) and due to this sudden restart, your current data could be lost as you don’t get the chance to save the data. When a blue screen occurs, Windows automatically creates a “minidump” file that contains information about the crash and saves it to your disk. You can view these minidumps, it helps to identify the cause of the error.

Blue screen error looks different on different versions of Windows. In Windows 7 and prior versions, the blue screen looked much like a terminal screen, which displays all manner of information with an error code. Windows 8 and 10 have the much simpler BSOD screen display. These error codes are very much helpful and can be used to figure out the root cause of the Blue Screen of Death. Many users have misunderstood this problem as a random reboot rather than a “stop error”, and after Windows reboots and display a notification that “Windows has recovered from a serious error” they come to know about the error.

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How to fix it:

In Windows 7, 8, and 10, you can troubleshoot blue-screen information using the Action Center.

In Windows 7, go to the Control Panel then click on System and Security.

In Windows 8 and 10, click on Control Panel then Security and Maintenance. In the “Maintenance” section, you’ll be able to check for solutions to existing problems. Windows 8 and 10 actually perform this troubleshooting step automatically when your PC restarts after a BSOD. However, it may still be worth paying a visit to the Action Center to see if there are more details or additional troubleshooting steps.

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If Windows can’t fix the problem on its own, there are few things you have to keep in your mind whenever this problem occurs. First, to troubleshoot this problem you should be aware of what recent changes you have made to your computer system and second, check if the windows partition is running out of space.

Many times a recent install of a new program or hardware, driver or Windows update could be a cause of BSOD. If it is so, then undo the change you made and test again for the STOP Error. Sometimes additional steps have to take depending on that what was the last change which leads to this error.

1. Starting up using Last Known Good Configuration to undo recent registry and driver changes.

To do this, you have to reboot your computer/laptop and Press and hold down the ‘F8’ key before the any booting starts. If it is timely done then you will get an Advanced Boot Options Menu Page on your screen, by using the arrow keys reach to the Last Known Good Configuration option and press ‘Enter’ key.

2. Using System Restore to undo recent system changes.

To do this, follow the steps:

In Windows 7: Go to the Control Panel, click on the System and Security option. Then click on System, under the Control Panel Home Menu click on System protection. Now you can open System restore from here.

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In Windows 10: Go to the Control Panel, click on the System and Security option. Then click on Security and Maintenance. Then click on, Recovery. Now you can open System restore from here.

3. Rolling back the device driver to a version prior to your driver update.

To do this, right click on the ‘This PC’ icon on the desktop, and then go to the Manage option, a Computer Management window will open, click on Device Manager. A list of all hardware devices will open, click on the device that is creating a problem or recently installed, double click or right click and go to properties, a tab will open click on driver tab and then to ‘Rollback driver’. Click on ‘OK’ button.

4. Check if your computer/laptop is overheating or not. If it is so, then shut down your device and let it cool down. See if the air ventilation holes are blocked or not and the CPU fan is working properly or not. Sometimes due to overheating system behaves absurd and generates BSOD.

5. Run antivirus to scan your computer. I personally prefer to boot time scan, because some viruses can trick your system to think that it is a hardware malfunction which can cause BSOD crash.

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6. Check if your system is running in low disk space in your primary partition (Drive on which your Windows Operating System is installed). Microsoft recommends min. 100MB disk space to be free always, but you should always keep atleast 15% of the drive’s capacity free space in your primary partition. You should also use Disk Cleanup utility to remove Temp files atleast once in a week or month.

7. Try to restart in Safe Mode. If the system is still crashing in safe mode then probably you need to reinstall the windows.

 How to restart your system in safe mode?

Usually after few sudden restarts you will itself reach to this screen on booting. But if you want to manually restart in safe mode, follow the steps:

1  Click on Windows button or Press Windows key on the keyboard. Go to the Power and hold the Shift key while clicking on Restart.

Wait for the windows to appear, Then Click on Troubleshoot, then click on Advanced Options, then click on Startup Settings and then Restart. Windows will restart and blue screen will appear asking for the options Press the ‘4’ key to select the Safe Mode. Now it will boots on Safe Mode.

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8. Reinstall a fresh Windows. If any of the steps not resolving the issue of BSOD then last and the final option is to reinstall the fresh Windows on your device.

As it is seen normally that as soon as the blue screen flashed and your computer rebooted automatically before you had time to read anything, you need to disable the automatic restart option.

Steps to disable the Automatic Restart in Windows:

Go to the Control Panel, click on the System and Security option. Then click on Advanced system settings. A System Properties window will appear and then click to settings on Startup and Recovery box. Again a new window will appear now you uncheck the tick mark from Automatically restart option in the System failure box.

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